Information Technology (IT) known field to all and one of the growing sector in Nepal too. Nepal is in starting phase of its development and increasing its radios rapidly. Today’s generation and society are becoming more dependent on the use of technology and it has become one of an integral part of our daily life and has created the demand of experts in this field. Though the demand is increasing rapidly, the competent human resources in the field of IT is lacking. Limited resources and increasing demand always creates a new job opportunity. So to fulfill the gap Nepal government and different private organization are collectively engaged to generate qualified and quality human capital in the field. Different policy, programs are executed from both sides to fill the void. Private organizations dedicated to providing different services in this field and generating a good source of income nationally and internationally (outsourcing). The government has also initiated a group of activities to give a direction to IT application and development in the country. Which includes the establishment of a data center (GIDC), integrated IT in research activities, software design, and development, use of technology in every government organization, creating national information bank, use of IoT and more. Due to the social awareness and reach to information, globally IT has become one of the most popular subjects of choice for students of any field (Pradhan, 2002).
The infinite scope and opportunities in the field of Information Technology (IT) has attracted the mind of many students in developing country like Nepal. Which can be one of the major fields for sustainable development. Variety of career path can be selected from new and emerging courses in this field. It is necessary for one to select his/her field of interest during the study period which can be used locally and globally. The interested mind can have access to any kind of resources as we have relevant internet facility in today’s context. The human capital of IT can work in any area like financial intuitions, Health sectors, government organizations, software companies, financial sector and most importantly they can create new job opportunity for other sectors too.
The major challenges of the developing countries like Nepal are available of trained trainer reasoning the migration of them in search of a better salary, secure future in a developed country which has created the void in skilled human resources. The policy and the political situation, economic situation and information reach to the targeted student can be the next challenges to become an entrepreneur in this field. This can be eliminated by formulating the better policy to retain the capable human resources to transform the wide range of IT challenges. Providing awareness about the positive impact of using technology to save time and effort in work can also be the next major way of overcoming challenges.
To conclude, an IT organization and colleges can prepare for jobs that do not yet exist. Technologies that have not yet been invented and can shift from a technically based to a process-oriented IT workforce by identifying the competencies of the future, providing opportunities for staff to build skills through experience, and charting a path for self-development as a way to produce critical thinkers and creative problem-solvers (Blink, 2013).
Information technology is derived from overseas, to make it suitable in Nepal we must work effortlessly working with government and private sectors. Most importantly, it must come from within to build strategies, which can be adapted to lead an appropriate information system in the country. The government can support by making a proper sustainable plan, strategy, which is favorable and supportive to development, which can be used to build the nation.
Nabin Kumar Shrestha